Flexural testing is used to determine the flex or bending properties of a material. Sometimes referred to as a transverse beam test, it involves placing a sample between two points or supports and initiating a load using a third point or with two points which are respectively call 3-Point Bend and 4-Point Bend testing.
Maximum stress and strain are calculated on the incremental load applied. Results are shown in a graphical format with tabular results including the flexural strength (for fractured samples) and the yield strength (samples that did not fracture). Typical materials tested are plastics
, composites, metals
, ceramics and wood
Typical graph showing strength test:
Typical graph showing 3-point bend strength test:
Typical graph showing 4-point bend strength test:
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